Illiterate Mothers; A Common Risk Factor Of Severe Anemia Among Childen Below 10 Years Of Age

Sameia Naeem, Najma Ahmed, Sidra Jalil khan


Objective: To determine common risk factors of severe anemia among children below 10 years of age

Design and duration:  This is a prospective study completed in duration of eight months from July 2019 to February 2020

Setting: Study was conducted in Bahawal Victoria Hospital Bahawalpur.

Patients & methods: Children below ten years of age presenting to the study hospital with the complaint of severe anemia were included in the study. These cases were not having any obvious other morbidity causing anemia. Complete blood count and blood morphology was done in every child. Hemoglobin level below 7g/dl was taken as severe anemia in this study. Confidence interval was 95%, margin of error 5%. P-value less than 0.05 was taken significant. Percentages, frequencies, means and standard deviation calculated using SPSS software. Results presented via tables and graphs. Consent was taken from guardians of children for including their children in the study. Educational status of mothers was determined.

Results: Total 75 children having anemia were studied. Age range was 6months to 10 years with mean age of 4.7±3.2 years. There were 24% cases between 25-36 months. In most of the children 56% hemoglobin was 5-6 g/dl. Mostly mothers were having education below matriculation.

Conclusion: Illiteracy among mothers of our country is a common risk factor of severe anemia in their children. Increasing literacy rate can reduce incidence of this disease and nutritional status of children and nursing mothers can be improved as well.

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