Prevalence Of Anemia Among Pregnant Women Living In Bahawalpur

Ali Raza Balouch, Muhammad Ahsan Mustafa, Barha Rafiq Chaudhry

Abstract


Objective: To determine prevalence of anemia among pregnant women living in Bahawalpur

Design & duration:  It is a cross sectional study of descriptive type completed in duration of six months.

Setting: It is a multicentric study conducted in gynecology and obstetrics department of Bahawal Victoria hospital Bahawalpur and Civil hospital Bahawalpur. 

Patients & methods: pregnant women living in Bahawalpur City reporting to Bahawal Victoria hospital and Civil Hospital Bahawalpur in and out-patient door. After history and complete examination ultrasonography for fetal well being done. Hemoglobin level of all cases in study group were tested. Non-probability consecutive sampling technique was used. All data was documented on a pre designed performa. Data was analyzed using SPSS software. Percentage, frequency, means and standard deviation were calculated. Chi square test was applied. Women having co-morbidities or admitted in ICU were not included in the study. 

Results: Total 850 cases were studied out of which 300(35.3%) pregnant women were anemic.. There were 25% women primigravida, 36.7% women were gravida-2 and 38.3% women were gravida≥3. There were 3.7% women having Hb below 7g/dl, 42% between 7-8g/dl, 34.7% women having Hb 8.1-9 g/dl and 19.7% women between 9.1-10 g/dl.   

Conclusion: Anemia is a much common problem among pregnant women especially in multi-gravida women. Moderate type of anemia is much common than mild and severe form.


Keywords


Anemia, Pregnant women, Primigravida, Multi-gravida

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