COVID-19 Outbreak: Impacts on Environment and Food Security

Binod Baniya, Buddha Bahadur Basnet, Jham Kumar Bishwakarma, Mohammad Nur Alam, Shiva Shankar Bhattarai

Abstract


Abstract: The pandemic novel coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) is surmise to be one of the major transformative events of the 21st century in human-history. The outbreak of the highly infectious disease COVID-19 exploded lethal storm on trend of human civilization. Despite it impacts on several issues, we reviewed the positive and negative influence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 outbreaks on environment and agriculture at global scales, based on published articles, WHO bulletins, guidelines, books, reports, worldometer including government documents and conference papers. However, the exact severity and networks of its consequences is unpredictable. A clear improvement in air quality has been observed as a boon in the environment. Energy consumption and carbon emission has been reduced. Thus, the ozone layer has been maintained at the expected level. However, on the flip side, disruption of assessment, temporary closure of educational institutions, inequalities and students drop-out is the serious concern resulting from COVID-19. In the environment, the medical and food wastes, plastic packaging has been added. Many agro-processing industries have been severely halted. Moreover, the global economic activities have been crippling which is raising the issues of food security, increased unemployment at national and global scales. Furthermore, it has increased the health crisis and worsens human development index and economy in present decades, consequently increasing environment and food security threats. Thus, this study aim to improve the better understanding of how pandemic influences on environment and agriculture issue of global perspectives. It provides wide ideas to government, social practitioners, and policymakers to improve outbreak preparedness and response plan to any kind of biological outbreaks and pandemic crisis.


Keywords


COVID-19; impact; environment; agriculture, food security

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References


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