ASSESSMENT OF STRESS IN HOSPITALIZED PATIENTS AND THE FACTORS INFLUENCING IT

Parsa Khan, Khurram Bhinder, Ameena ., Rafia Zubair

Abstract


Objectives

  • To assess the level of stress among the hospitalized patients
  • To evaluate the factors precipitating it

         

Methods

              A descriptive type of study was done in the hospitalized patients by a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire comprised of two parts. First part included Perceived Stress Score 10 item scale and the second part consisted of factors influencing the causation of stress. A total of 60 participants from Fauji Foundation Hospital and Lahore General Hospital were interviewed individually and their response was recorded. The data was collected and the results were obtained.

 Results

            A sample of sixty participants formed the sample size and had an average age of 47 years. Approximately 52% of the patients were in moderate stress and 42% had low stress level. Almost 6.7% were reported to be in severe stress. Scrutinizing the individual factors involved in exposition of stress, 73% had financial issues leading to stress. 70% regarded rude behavior of staff and severity of disease as a source of tension. Fear of operation caused 63% and fear of injections spark offed 53% of the population distress due to these factors. 52% reported homesickness, 43% regarded being bedridden whole day, 40% considered no privacy and 32% attributed discomfort of unknown place as the sources of stress in them. Poor doctor-patient communication was proclaimed by one third of patients as the cause of genesis of strain.

Conclusion

               The stress level among hospitalized patients is hiking up and its deteriorating the prognosis of patients. Tangible steps need to be taken by health care professionals to minimize the inflammation of stress and to reduce its detrimental effects on human health. This can be implemented by exploring the factors inciting it and finding a solution for each of them individually.


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