A study of socioeconomic status among the Gujjar and Bakerwal tribal clans of J&K

Mohd Zia-ul-Haq Rafiqi


Gujjar and Bakerwal is the third larges ethinic group found in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Gujjar and Bakerwal are two Clans of a single parent tribe. The Gujjars are settled, mostly buffaloes rearing with a good number in agriculture farming, while as Bakerwals are the nomadic tribe mostly goat rearing. Bakerwals are transhumant clan of the parent tribe moving from pasture to pasture in search of fodder. This study is an attempt to find out the socio- economic status (SES) of these two clans with respect to their living place, education, occupation, monthly income etc. A standardized tool of socio economic status was utilized to draw information regarding the SES from both these clans. In order to find out the frequency and the percentage of the respondents belonging to a particular category the collected data has been scored and cross tab analysis was done by using the SPSS software. The study explored on the whole both these clans have been living in a miserable condition, but the SES of Gujjar clan is far better than their Bakerwal clan. The respondents of Gujjar clan are well read, nicely exposed to various policies and programs than their counter parts.


Tribe, Gujjar, Bakerwal and Socio-Economic Status.

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