Chemical Quality of Groundwater Resource of Mandwada Area, Barwani District, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Dayaram Solanki, Pramendra Dev


Chemical analysis of groundwater of Mandwada area confined to Barwani district, Madhya Pradesh in India has been carried out to determine the suitability of groundwater quality for the domestic, drinking, and irrigation purposes. Groundwater samples have been collected from different villages within the Mandwada area. The samples have been analyzed to determine, physical parameters like colour, odour, taste, pH, TDS, Specific Conductivity and Hardness, the chemical parameters such as Ca, Mg, Na, K, HCO3, CO3, SO4, and Cl. The parameters such as Kelly’s Ratio, Sodium Percent, Sodium Adsorption Ratio (SAR), Residual Sodium Carbonate (RSC) and Magnesium Adsorption Ratio have been determined. Physical analysis indicates that all samples are colourless odourless and tasteless. TDS values of 950-1250 ppm and Sp. Conductivity 580- 988 μS/cm are observed. The lowest T. D. S. is recorded as 950 ppm and Specific Conductivity to be 580 μS/cm in the Koydiya area. The pH values range from 7.5  to 9.7  Chemical analysis indicates the presence of ionic values expressed in ppm of Ca (150 – 390), Mg (65 – 88), Na (169 – 411), K (1 ­- 4), HCO3 (212 - 890), CO3 (162 - 964), SO4 (169 - 901), Cl (391 - 810).  Groundwater is of Ca Mg HCO3 CO3 SO4 type. The analyzed data have been evaluated and compared with standard parameters to determine the suitability of groundwater quality for domestic and drinking uses. Based on determination of chemical parameters such as Sodium Percent, Sodium Adsorption Ratio and Specific Conductivity, and plotting these values on U. S. Salinity diagram and Willcox diagram, the chemical quality suitability for irrigation has been determined as excellent to permissible in Mandwada area.


Chemical quality, Groundwater, Mandwada, Barwani, Madhya Pradesh Domestic, Drinking, Irrigation.

Full Text:



Bouwer, H. (1978): Groundwater Hydrology, McGraw-Hill, Kogakusha, Ltd, Tokyo.

COX, C. R. (1964): Operation and Control of Water treatment Processes, Monograph Series No. 49, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 390 p.

Hem, J. D. (1970): Study and Interpretation of the Chemical Characteristics of Natural Water, U. S., Geol. Sur. Water Supply Paper, 1473, 363 p.

Indian Standards Institution (1983): Indian Standard Specification for Drinking Water IS 10500.

Karanth, K.R. (1996) Hydrology, McGraw, Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi.

Krishnan, M.S. (1982): Geology of India and Burma, C.B.S. Publishers and distributors, New Delhi, p. 534-537.

Nagabhushaniah H. S. (2001): Groundwater in Hydrosphere (Groundwater Hydrology), CBS Publishers & Distributors, New Delhi.

Nag, S. K., and Lahiri, A. (2012): Hydrochemical Characteristics of Groundwater for Domestic and Irrigation Purposes in Dwarakeswar Watershed Area, India, American Journal of Climate Change, Vol. 1, pp. 217-230.

National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Engineering (1972): Water Quality Criteria Report prepared by committee of water quality criteria at request of U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington D. C., 594 p.

Pascoe, H. E. (1964): A Manual of the geology of India and Burma Geol. Sur. India Calcutta Vol. 3, third edition, Published by the Manager of Publication Delhi, pp. 327-1979.

Piper, A.M. (1944): A Graphic Procedure in the Geochemical Interpretation of Water Analysis, Am. Geophys. Union, Trans., 25, pp. 914-923.

Raghunath M.H. (1983): Hydrology Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi, 482 p.

Richards, L. A. (1954): Diagnosis and Improvement of Saline and Alkali Soils, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, No. 60, 160 p.

Todd, D. K. (1980): Ground water Hydrology, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 520 p.

World Health Organization, International Standards for Drinking water, Geneva (1971).

World Health Organization, Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality, 3rd Edition, World Health Organization, Geneva, 2004.

Wilcox, L.V. (1955): Classification and use of Irrigation Water, U.S. Department Agriculture, Washington D. C., Circular 964, pp. 19.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.