A STUDY ON SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS OF SCHEDULED CASTE PEOPLE OF KANGRA
Social and economic justice, security, equality of status and opportunities, assurance of the individual’s dignity are sure by the constitution of India for the entire citizen among other things. The social and economic deprivation among Scheduled Castes had been most common during pre and post-Independence. The constitution of India is enriched with several provisions for schedule caste and schedule tribes to safeguard and promote their cultural, social, educational, economic and political interests in order to bring them in mainstream of the nation. This paper addresses the socio-economic status of the schedule caste in Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh state (India). For accomplishing the objectives two fifty (250) cases of scheduled castes men and women were selected. For recording their narratives, Interview, Fuzzy Cognitive Mapping and qualitative analysis & interpretation were prepared. The narratives were recorded, processed, analyzed and tabulated in order to derive major themes and subthemes. The result based on qualitative research revealed that the Socio- Economic condition of some Respondents is not good. It’s very hard to them to provide good quality education to their children. Most of the families were depend upon agriculture, but due to some various problems the output of agro products was not good. Majority of respondents stayed in sami kucha house. Most of respondent have electricity, water connection and latrine facility. MGNREGA was the only rural employment programme in the village MGNREGA was the only rural employment programme in the village, which villager known. And many of them took the benefit of this scheme. Some of respondents take debt from the banks for the education purpose, health purpose and some other purpose. All respondents have mobile phone facility but the least vehicle (car) facility. Most of children are studied in private school within village. Most of people have less awareness about the Govt. schemes and programme for the education development. All most every house hold has the livestock like cow, buffaloes, sheep, goat etc. But most of them they don’t use them for the business purpose. They use for their own purpose. Dowry system prevails in the society and it is on demand. But still most of respondent not afraid of giving dowry. Caste system exists in the society. Due to MNREGA the financial condition of the SC women improved. By this the role of female also increased in family decision making and are also helped the children and other members of family in their financial requirements. The level of confidence is also increased. The social and economic status of scheduled caste people improved in compression of earlier time. This is due to the education improvement and also due the reservation to the scheduled caste people in many sectors.
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