A CRITICAL REVIEW ON COMMONLY USED RASAYANA DRUGS IN AYURVEDA.
India is currently standing in a phase of demographic transition. Over the next four decades India’s population ages 60 and older is projected to ascend from 8 percent in 2010 to 19% in 2050. There is gradual decline physiological reserve in organs, and immune status over the time in elderly people. This make them victim of many infective and degenerative diseases. The ability to adapt to various physical and psychological stress also decline. To tackle the condition of geriatric problems there is a unique specialized therapy in Ayurveda called Rasayana. Rasayana help in attaining excellence of body tissue with optimum functionality even during old age. There are many Ayurvedaic herbs in Ayurveda classics described as Rasayana drugs. This study is carried out with an aim to review the actions of commonly used Rasayana drugs. It is found that some commonly used Rasayana drugs are Emblica officinalis, Sida cordifolia, Semicarpus anacardium, Tinospora cordifolia, Centella asiatica, Piper longum, Convolvulus pluricaulis, Anethum sowa, Shilajit, Terminalia chebula , Embelia ribes, and Glycyrrhiza glabra. These drugs act as Rasayana by the actions like antioxidant, immune-modulatory, hemopoetic, adaptogenic, nutritive function and neuroprotective.
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