FEUDAL ELEMENT AND THE FEUDATORIES OF THE KALYANA CHALUKYAS

N. SAI BABU

Abstract


The Rashtrakutas of Manyakheta who dominated the politics of Deccan for nearly two hundred years came to an end by the emergence of the Chalukyas of Kalyana under the leadership of Taila II.  He ruled roughly for twenty-three years, i.e., from 973-74 A.D. to 996.  The last king of the family was Tribhuvanamalla Somesvara IV (1182-1200 A.D).  The most powerful and the feared monarch of this dynasty was Tribhuvanamalla Vikramaditya VI who started a new era called the Chalukya Vikrama Era. It was during his time that the Western Chalukyan Empire reached its highest watermark. But during the weak rule of Jagadekamalla-II and Tailapa-III the Kalyana Chalukyan sun started sinking. Bijjala of that Kalachuri dynasty, who originally started his life as a feudatory, later on became the most powerful of Tailapa-III’s subordinates and finally usurped the throne by overthrowing his overlord in 1156 A.D. Then the Yadavas of Devagiri, the Hoysalas of Dvarasamudra and the Kakatiyas of Warangal divided the Western Chalukyan kingdom between themselves. Thus came to an end one of the most glorious and illustrious charters in the history of Deccan.

The Kalyana Chalukyan Empire, though it became a victim, many a time, to external invasions and internal irruptions, enjoyed comparatively peace and prosperity. Many of the monarchs were great builders and patrons of letters. Bhuvanaikamalla Somesvara-III, the son of Tribhuvanamalla Vikramaditya VI, was the author of Abhilashitarthachintamani or Manasollasa which deals with the science of administration, justice, medicine, astrology, architecture, iconography, etc. Trade, commerce, industry, agriculture and irrigation were patronised.

The paper deals with the feudal element in the Kalyana Chalukya’s polity in Andhra.

Keywords


KALYANA CHALUKYAS; History;

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