Feminist Orientations in Postmodern American Literature

Saad Jumaa Farhan

Abstract


American postmodern poets and authors of fictional writings  write within and against the dual Anglo – American oral and written traditions . The poet either goes along with or against the disparity between Anglo – American myths and modern American reality in a sense their poetry has become more global and has been a renewed quest for some kind of pattern in its development and interest .What is raised here in this study in specific manifestation is the influence of Post – Modernity in the sense of gender, and in the interpretation of psychoanalytic theory for determination of Feminist Literary practice . In the Feminist phase,women are historically enabled to reject being behind . A generation of New Women defined the women's artistic role in terms of responsibility to suffering. It is useful to start by considering what is meant by Modernism. In relation to modernism , there can be seen as an emphasis on fundamental thinking , on the feasibility of objective knowledge and criteria which can be disconnected from its historical, social, and cultural context, and on the possibility of discovering the truth of a situation. There is emphasis on universality and on large – scale grand narratives or macro theories which are seen to be all embracing and encompassing. Postmodernist thought emphasizes diverse forms of individual and social identity where pluralism, contingency, variety, contradiction and ambivalence replace certainty, facts , objective positions and polarization of opposites .

Keywords


Post American Literature; Americn Literature; English Literature; Feminist Literary; New Women; Modernism

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References


Raman Selden, ed. The Theory of Criticism , ( Singapore : Longman Singapore Publishers Ltd. , 1988 ) , p. 471

Wilfred L. Guerin , Earle G. Labor ,Lee Morgan & others , A Handbook of Critical Approaches to Literature , ( New York : Harper & Row Publishers , 1979 ) P. 246

Selden , P.520

Philip Rice & Patricia Waugh , Modern Literary Theory , ( London : Edward Arnold , 1989 ) P. 116

Guerin , pp . 246 – 247

Jessica Munns& Gita Rajan (eds.) , A Cultural studies Reader ,( Essex : Addison Wesley Longman Limited , 1998 ) P. 492

Guerin , p. 248

Herbert Marder , Feminism and Art : A study of Virginia Woolf ( Chicago : The University of Chicago Press , 1968 ) P. 164

Rice , P. 129

Vincent B. Leitch American Literary Criticism , From the Thirties to the Eighties , ( New York : Colombia University Press , 1988 ) , P. 316

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poetry criticism @Feminism 1996


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