An Analysis of Refugee Problems in Bangladesh

Mazharul Islam


International Refugee Law mainly comprises of international instruments that define basic standards for treatment of refugee. The numbers of Refugees all over the world are increasing considerably day by day as a result international and non international armed conflict, civil war, and numerous prosecution in various part of the world are continues. There are 32,000 registered refugees in two official camps (Nayapara and Kutupalong) in the district of Cox’s Bazar, beside 200,000 to 500,000, undocumented Myanmar Rohingya, who don’t have any legal status at all.

Though Bangladesh has not yet acceded to the two major International Refugee instruments on refugee law, it has international obligation towards the refugee residing within its territory under the other international instruments and its constitutional framework. Under the principle of non refoulment in Article 33 of 1951 Refugee Convention as a peremptory norm and customary international law, Bangladesh is obliged to give the shelter and protection to the refugees of other states and in no way it can avert the responsibility but there is a problem itself regarding the status of refugee.

 International community now a day’s much more concern about the severe impacts of that large refugee populations on the host developing countries. There are many more impacts like long-term economic, social, political and environmental. Bangladesh is over populated country not only in South Asia but in a whole world. It should be borne in mind that over refugee issues has a negative impact on socio-economic as well as the security of the nations. The paper examines the refugee problems in Bangladesh and tries to bring out ultimate solution for those issues.


Bihari status, Rohingya refugee, Impacts, Obligations, Case laws, State Policy

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