MUTATION BREEDING IN FLOWER CROPS

Nadeem Ataurrehman Kazi

Abstract


Mutation breeding has paved a way to create genetic diversity and induce desirable characters in existing varieties or creating new genotypes altogether. Over many years mutation breeding has been carried out by different scientists in flower crops. It has helped in creating mutants which were ultimately released as varieties also. 198 commercial mutant varieties have been reported in Chrysanthemum from various countries. The mutant character comprises flower colour, shape and size. Most mutants are developed through x-rays or gamma radiation. Genetic variation is essential in any plant breeding programme for crop improvement. Induced mutations are highly effective to enhance natural genetic resources

Keywords


Mutation, Mutants, Breeding, Flower Crops, Varietal Wealth

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References


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